This page lists the referenced papers describing implemented algorithms.

[Goudenhoofdt et al., 2009]

E. Goudenhoofdt and L. Delobbe. Evaluation of radar-gauge merging methods for quantitative precipitation estimates. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 13(2):195–203, 2009. doi:10.5194/hess-13-195-2009.

[Pfaff, 2010]

T. Pfaff. Radargestuetzte Schaetzung von Niederschlagsensembles (in German). Bronstert et al. (Eds.). Operationelle Abfluss- und Hochwasservorhersage in Quellgebieten. Final Project Report, pp. 113-118., 2010.

[Hitschfeld et al., 1954]

Walter Hitschfeld and Jack Bordan. Errors inherent in the radar measurement of rainfall at attenuating wavelengths. Journal of Meteorology, 11(1):58–67, Feb 1954. doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1954)011<0058:EIITRM>2.0.CO;2.

[Kraemer et al., 2008]

S. Kraemer and H. R. Verworn. 11th International Conference on Urban Drainage, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, 2008 Improved C-band radar data processing for real time control of urban drainage systems. 2008.

[Jacobi et al., 2016]

S. Jacobi and M. Heistermann. Benchmarking attenuation correction procedures for six years of single-polarised c-band weather radar observations in south-west germany. Geomat. Nat. Haz. Risk., 2016. doi:10.1080/19475705.2016.1155080.

[Merceret et al., 2000]

Francis J. Merceret and Jennifer G. Ward. Attenuation of Weather Radar Signals Due to Wetting of the Radome by Rainwater or Incomplete Filling of the Beam Volume. Final Report, NASA Kennedy Space Center; Cocoa Beach, FL United States, Apr 09 2000. No Copyright; Unclassified; Publicly available; Unlimited. URL:

[Carey et al., 2000]

Lawrence D. Carey, Steven A. Rutledge, David A. Ahijevych, and Tom D. Keenan. Correcting propagation effects in c-band polarimetric radar observations of tropical convection using differential propagation phase. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 39(9):1405–1433, Sep 2000. doi:10.1175/1520-0450(2000)039<1405:CPEICB>2.0.CO;2.

[Gabella et al., 2002]

Marco Gabella and Riccardo Notarpietro. Ground clutter characterization and elimination in mountainous terrain. In Use of radar observations in hydrological and NWP models, 305–311. Katlenburg-Lindau, 2002. Copernicus. URL:

[Vulpiani et al., 2012]

Gianfranco Vulpiani, Mario Montopoli, Luca Delli Passeri, Antonio G. Gioia, Pietro Giordano, and Frank S. Marzano. On the use of dual-polarized c-band radar for operational rainfall retrieval in mountainous areas. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 51(2):405–425, Feb 2012. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-10-05024.1.

[Hubbert et al., 2009a]

J. C. Hubbert, M. Dixon, S. M. Ellis, and G. Meymaris. Weather radar ground clutter. part i: identification, modeling, and simulation. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 26(7):1165–1180, 2009. URL:, doi:10.1175/2009JTECHA1159.1.

[Hubbert et al., 2009b]

J. C. Hubbert, M. Dixon, and S. M. Ellis. Weather radar ground clutter. part ii: real-time identification and filtering. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 26(7):1181–1197, 2009. URL:, doi:10.1175/2009JTECHA1160.1.

[Kilambi et al., 2018]

Alamelu Kilambi, Frédéric Fabry, and Véronique Meunier. A simple and effective method for separating meteorological from nonmeteorological targets using dual-polarization data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 35(7):1415–1424, 2018. URL:, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0175.1.

[Melnikov et al., 2013]

V. Melnikov and S. Matrosov. Radar measurements of the axis ratios of cloud particles. 2013. URL:

[Ryzhkov et al., 2017]

Alexander Ryzhkov, Sergey Y. Matrosov, Valery Melnikov, Dusan Zrnic, Pengfei Zhang, Qing Cao, Michael Knight, Clemens Simmer, and Silke Troemel. Estimation of depolarization ratio using weather radars with simultaneous transmission/reception. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 56(7):1797–1816, 2017. URL:, doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0098.1.

[Gourley et al., 2007]

Jonathan J Gourley, Pierre Tabary, and Jacques Parent du Chatelet. A fuzzy logic algorithm for the separation of precipitating from nonprecipitating echoes using polarimetric radar observations. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 24(8):1439–1451, 2007.

[Wang et al., 2009]

Yanting Wang and V. Chandrasekar. Algorithm for estimation of the specific differential phase. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 26(12):2565–2578, Dec 2009. doi:10.1175/2009JTECHA1358.1.

[Doviak et al., 1993]

R.J. Doviak and D.S. Zrnić. Doppler Radar and Weather Observations. Dover Books on Engineering Series. Dover Publications, 1993. ISBN 9780486450605. URL:

[DrWeigl et al., 2004]

Elmar Dr. Weigl, Thomas Dr. Reich, Peter Lang, Andreas Wagner, Otfried Kohler, Nicole Gerlach, and MitarbeiterInnen der MeteoSolutions GmbH. Projekt RADOLAN - Routineverfahren zur Online-Aneichung der Radarniederschlagsdaten mit Hilfe von automatischen Bodenniederschlagsstationen (Ombrometer). Final Report, German Weather Service, Offenbach, Germany, 2004. in german. URL:

[DWD, 2009]

RADOLAN/RADVOR-OP Beschreibung des Kompositformats. 2009. in German. URL:

[Ryzhkov et al., 2005]

Alexander V. Ryzhkov, Scott E. Giangrande, and Terry J. Schuur. Rainfall estimation with a polarimetric prototype of wsr-88d. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 44(4):502–515, Apr 2005. doi:10.1175/JAM2213.1.

[Bringi et al., 2001]

VN Bringi and V Chandrasekar. Polarimetric Doppler weather radar: principles and applications. Cambridge University Press, 2001.

[Cao et al., 2013]

Qing Cao, Yang Hong, Youcun Qi, Yixin Wen, Jian Zhang, Jonathan J. Gourley, and Liang Liao. Empirical conversion of the vertical profile of reflectivity from ku-band to s-band frequency. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118(4):1814–1825, 2013. URL:, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50138.

[Pejcic et al., 2022]

Velibor Pejcic, Joshua Soderholm, Kai Mühlbauer, Valentin Louf, and Silke Trömel. Five years calibrated observations from the university of bonn x-band weather radar (boxpol). Scientific Data, 9(1):551, 2022. URL:, doi:

[Liao et al., 2009]

Liang Liao and Robert Meneghini. Validation of trmm precipitation radar through comparison of its multiyear measurements with ground-based radar. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 48(4):804–817, 2009. URL:, doi:10.1175/2008JAMC1974.1.

[Harrison et al., 2000]

D L Harrison, S J Driscoll, and M Kitchen. Improving precipitation estimates from weather radar using quality control and correction techniques. Meteorological Applications, 7(2):135–144, 2000. doi:10.1017/S1350482700001468.

[Jacobi et al., 2012]

S. Jacobi, M. Heistermann, and T. Pfaff. Evaluation and improvement of C-band radar attenuation correction for operational flash flood forecasting. In Proceedings of weather radar and hydrology symposium in Exeter, UK, number 351, 33–38. IAHS, 2012.

[Collier, 1996]

Christopher G. Collier. Applications of weather radar systems : a guide to uses of radar data in meteorology and hydrology. J. Wiley & sons ; Praxis publ., Chichester; New York; Brisbane [etc.]; Chichester, 1996.

[Schwaller et al., 2011]

Mathew R. Schwaller and K. Robert Morris. A ground validation network for the global precipitation measurement mission. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28(3):301–319, 2011. URL:, doi:10.1175/2010JTECHA1403.1.